Nagaland was in big news when Prime Minister Narendra Modi had visited Nagaland during the annual Hornbill Festival at Kisama in December 2014.
There was a sense of excitement in the air. The Prime Minister had announced a number of packages ranging from establishing agricultural colleges and garment manufacturing centers. He had hinted about strengthening the railway infrastructure to help boost tourism. He also introduced with shining words the idea of setting up schemes for Northeast students under“Ishan Uday” and “Ishan Vikas”.
There was a time when Nagaland was known for INSURGENCY. The movement has its genesis around the mid-1940s, headed by the charismatic Angami Zapu Phizo (1903-1990) of the Naga National Council (NNC). We all know that Nagaland was created in 1963 as the 16th State of Indian Union. Earlier it was a district of Assam. There had been a demand of full independence by The Naga National Council led by Phizo. It was the first group to dissent in 1947 and in 1956 they went underground. The NSCN (National Socialist Council of Nagaland) was formed in 1980 to establish a Greater Nagaland, encompassing parts of Manipur, Nagaland, the north Cachar hills (Assam).
The NSCN split in 1988 to form two groups namely NSCN(IM) & NSCN(K). In 1997 the Government of India, headed by Atal Bihari Vajpayee, also from the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), and the main Naga nationalist group, now the National Socialist Council of Nagalim Isak-Muivah (NSCN-IM), signed a peace agreement. This enabled talks to be held at the highest level, addressing the long drawn out conflict and issues relating to Naga sovereignty.
One of the preconditions for this peace agreement was the recognition by the Vajpayee Government of the “uniqueness of Naga history” as a political issue; previous Union governments had treated the “Naga problem” primarily through security and military perspectives. As of 2015, both groups have observed a ceasefire truce with the Indian government.
When addressing the crowd in Kisama, the site of the Hornbill Festival, Narendra Modi spoke to the audience in English. The PM usually prefers normal practice of speaking in Hindi, even during foreign visits. And lo, his speech was ending at the use of the Naga nationalist slogan “Kuknalim”, meaning “victory to Nagalim/Nagaland”. I would have loved to hear nationalist chant “Jai-Hind”(victory to India) also.
To add color and dignity to the occasion the PM was crowned with the traditional head gear of Naga warriors that was unique to Naga culture. He displayed his penchant for wearing headgears of all hues at public meetings that has earned him the sobriquet of “Turban Man.” However, it was interesting to know that at Kisama he skipped the official lunch organized for him. He dined, reportedly, inside his helicopter.
He gave an audience to the State Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) members, and curiously to leaders of the Zeliangrong Heraka Association, a non-Christian religious movement with backing from the Hindu right, particularly the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). How can we forget that Shree Padmanabha Balakrishna Acharya, the Governor of Nagaland, has never been shy about his RSS credentials on his sleeve and his appointment was a great idea for India that is intrinsically linked to the RSS vision.
Nagaland is again in Big News, and That Also for all Wrong Reasons.
An alleged rapist, suspected to be an illegal Bangladeshi migrant, was beaten to death on Thursday by a mob which stormed the high-security central jail in Nagaland’s commercial town of Dimapur. Syed Farid Khan (no surety about the name), a 35-year-old second hand car dealer, had allegedly raped a 20-year-old Naga woman on February 23 and 24 at different locations. Police arrested Khan on February 25 and later a lower court sent him to judicial custody. “A mob of around 4,000 people stormed the central jail after breaking the two gates and took the accused out of jail.
Soon after the lynching, some groups had claimed that Sharif an illegal Bangladeshi immigrant. The state DGP LL Doungel had said he was suspected to be so. There was usual spurt of rejoice on twitter media with the most obnoxious cruel provocative and illogical comments from several quarters.
According to ‘the Indian Express,’ Syed Sharif Khan, the small-time used-car dealer who was lynched by a mob that barged into the Dimapur Central Jail here on Thursday afternoon, after he was accused of raping a tribal college girl, came from a family of Armymen. One of his brothers, the family said, had died serving the armed force of India. “We are not Bangladeshi infiltrators. We come from a family of patriots.” Sharif’s brother Syed Suberuddin Khan. Sharif’s body was transported his home, Bosla village in Karimganj in south Assam, on Saturday, on a helicopter arranged by the Assam government.
The massacred Sharif’s two brothers Syed Jamal Khan and Syed Kamal Khan, are with the Assam Regiment. Their father Syed Hussain Khan served and retired from Military Engineering Service (MES). Syed Jamal Khan, who is posted in Shillong, said Sharif had been framed. “He was an honest person who took care of Suberuddin and another of our brothers, Nasir, and had opened small shops for them in Dimapur,” he said. Nasir used to stay with Shabir.
Syed Kamal Khan is posted in Chhattisgarh. The mob decided the fate of accused before the court of justice could have given its judgment!
Where are we heading for??????????????????
By: Naim Naqvi