INTRODUCTION- Embroidery has been part of every civilization the world over. India is no exception, every household has little bit of this tradition. Based on geographical considerations, every area has some specialties. Marwari is name given to inhabitants of Jodhpur & Bikaner divisions of NW Rajasthan, this area is mostly having desertic or semi-desertic climate. Since ages rain-fed agriculture was the main occupation of people of this region. Due to frequent drought conditions, people developed alternative sources of livelihood. Preparing wool from Goat, camel hairs is one of them, after spinning hairs are woven into rugs, durries, blankets. Women frequently contribute in this work. Other than weaving embroidery also developed as alternate occupation. Embroidery is of two types.
In this category , embroidery is on different clothes. The specialty of Marwari embroidery is its glass work artistry. It is general impression in society that glass work is specialty of Kutch Bhuj area of Gujarat. It is not so, glass work embroidery is also common in 2 border districts of western Rajasthan viz. Barmer and Jaisalmer. Articles of interior decorations are generally prepared. Some pictures.
In this category embroidery is on leather articles like male female shoes known as JOOTIS or MOJADIS, ladies purse, other footwear. The main feature is innovative geometric patterns and beautiful combination of colours. Some pictures.
By Rakesh Goswami
Images are author’s self-contribution