With the biggest General Elections fast approaching, let’s have a look at the principles and policies of the three main contenders instead of the persons involved.

The General Elections 2014 will be the largest in the election history of India. This mega event shall be completed in nine phases to elect the representatives for 543 constituencies of India. With the introduction of new concepts like NOTA, right to recall, political decentralization and ‘aam aadmi’, it is confounding to predict the outcome of the polls. We can opine that these elections may be any man’s show. We find it even more difficult to predict the possibilities because of the usual pre-election ‘Dal badal’ with some political opportunists jumping here and there to meet their needs. Whatever the results be, it is a certainty that the upcoming elections are going be nail-biting for the aspiring candidates. Let’s have a look at the politics of each the party’s differing principles.

ls elctions declared Politics of Principles: General Elections 2014

Chief electoral officer of Delhi Vijay Dev addresses a press conference after the schedule of Lok Sabha Polls were announced in New Delhi on Mar.5, 2014. (Photo: IANS)

The diligent broom will try to halt the Modi-wave which in turn will leave no stone unturned to render ‘Yuva soch’ look feeble. Frankly speaking, India has changed a lot since independence and so have its people. They have grown and developed a sound and thinking political skull. They have run through the guts of politicians and have learnt that voting for principles and not the persons is more feasible and more important.

A brief overview of the opinion poll recently conducted by a reliable news channel suggests it to be ‘NAMO NAMO’ all around. Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) is expected to bag 202 seats putting NDA so close to the magic figure to get the majority. Indian National Congress on the other hand is expected to sink down to a double figure, merely 89 seats. About 60% opinion sharers voted for Narendra Modi as the next Prime Minister of India and only 20-22% voted in favor of Rahul Gandhi. However, it is reiterated that we can’t exclude the sampling errors associated with the opinion polls and also their fickle nature. The analysis of the contemporary issues of the voting population would suggest a general trend of the election outcome. For this, we will have to try to establish a relationship of the aspirations of the people with the principles and agenda held by the diversity of the political parties. The more the overlap between the two, the more is the possibility of a particular party to fetch more votes. However, these agendas are not mutually exclusive and different parties may favor a similar issue at times.

The politics based on principles, revived by the Aam Aadmi Party leader Arwind Kejriwal would tame a proportion of the gluttony of those fatigued and fat politicians who take their power just as a means for satiating their own motives. His fervent rule in Delhi couldn’t last so long but it has produced a wave of uncertainty as far as the 2014 Lok Sabha is concerned. By now, all the candidate parties are bringing their principles to the fore for tempting the voters. Looking at the bedrock thought and agenda of the parties we come to know that they differ a lot but there are similarities as well. The similarities are there on the issues of defense, national integration, and environmental regulations and so on. Huge differences arise between the policies of parties concerning the issues related to development; be it social or economic, education, foreign policy, capital market, etc. This makes it easy for a common man to make choices while voting. Let’s delimit the ideology of two largest parties viz Indian National Congress (INC) and Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) and also a recent sensation, the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP).

Indian National Congress

INC being a socialist party should make a mark in rural India. Following the concept of ‘Sarvodaya’, it aims for the uplift of all the classes of the society ignoring the regional barriers. It has gained much appreciation for the policies like MGNREGA, Indra Awas Yojana (IAJ) and Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY). However, there have been some faults in the implementation of these policies, giving room for huge corruption. The decision of increasing the number of wage days under MGNREGA is virtually an election stunt. The programs promoting the sex-education and family planning might attract the rage of families with orthodox religious heads. Being an advocate for FDI in India, INC should expect a mixed response from the public. They have failed to be bold, in some aspects concerning black money, corruption and to some extent in defense as well but one can make an opinion of INC being a poor man’s party.

Bharatiya Janata Party

Coming to BJP and its allies, it still feels shy on the mere mention of Godhra rail incident (2001) and the following bloodshed. That is why it was seen seeking a pardon from Muslim India. Though Modi and Company shout secularity, it is obvious that he is not as amenable to Muslims as the Prime Ministerial candidate must be. Even in the 21st century, he avoids a Muslim cap but accepts Hindu turban. Does the cap irritate him? His communal nature comes to the fore when he supports Maratha villain Raj Thackerey though he pleads to veil it using his forceful voice. He is a better prospect if India searches for a strong and muscular PM who can defeat American Obama in the boxing ring! As far as their economic policy is concerned, they have changed their stance from Swadeshi to globalization. They were criticized for supporting more and more FDI in India during the NDA rule to appease the World Bank and the USA. They recount Modi’s Gujarat developmental plan in their campaign. But a common man asks, “What is the fun of the development which can’t feed the hungry?” Again being impartial, their motive of extensive privatization of infrastructure and services is luring business class and the poor man is nowhere. The public looks for a change in politics and BJP is not currently in a mood to bet on that.

Aam Aadmi Party

recolution aap1 Politics of Principles: General Elections 2014

Betting on the AAP should be the preference of a voter who longs for a change for we have seen all the major parties in the past that have made tall claims before elections and then forgotten them time and again. AAP has given a reason to a pessimistic voter to vote, so it deserves a chance. Considering that the UPA and NDA haven’t cleared the corrupt offices in the past 64 years, a new party deserves to broom for the next five years. This would ensure no regret later on. The AAP policy comprises four chunks: Lokpal Legislation, Right to Reject, Right to Recall and Political Decentralization. This policy is beautiful on paper and is worth implementation. The main aim, or to say, the spine of the party is to fight corruption. And if they are able to get us rid of it, India can surpass majority of its counterparts in the balanced development of both economy and society.

The choice and authority lies not in the policy makers but is wholly vested in the hands of the common man. He is the ultimate authority. Let him make this election different and a change which all the Indians have been longing since time immemorial. Let’s vote for secular and developed India; let’s vote for the principles and ignore the persons.

By Aarif Qadir

Also See:
Change the Glasses of Judgement you WearWho Will Drive Inclusive Growth In India?

Image Source: AAP@Facebook,

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