Soon a new villain will be entering Zee TV Jodha Akbar, yet another mother of Akbar. No, I’m not talking about Chand Begum but Mah Chuchak Begum, Mirza Hakim’s mother and Abdul Mali’s mother-in-law. While, Mita Vashisht will be playing the reel role of Mah Chuchak Begum, let’s us now see how Mah Chuchak Begum in real life was –
The Background of Mah Chuchak
Mah Chuchak belonged to the Arghun dynasty which ruled the area between Sindh and southern Afghanistan in the 15th century. She was married to Humayun in the year 1546, that is roughly 4 years after Akbar was born.
Mah Chuchak gave birth to Mirza Muhammad Farrukh in the year 1547. However, he died at the age of 6 on 19th April 1553 in Kabul. Roughly 10 days later on April 29, 1553 Mirza Muhammad Hakim was born. Mirza Hakim’s birth coincided with his step brother Muhammad Ibrahim, who was born to another wife of Humayun. However, just like Humayun’s other kids, Ibrahim Mirza died in his childhood too Besides, Mirza Hakim, Maha Chuchak had 4 daughters – Bhakt-Un-Nissa, Fakhr-Un-Nisa, the wife of Abdul Maali elder, Amina Banu & Sakina Banu.
Appointment of Mirza Hakim As Governor of Kabul & Munim Khan as His Regent
When Mirza Hakim was just 3 years old in the year 1556, Humayun before dying in the same year had appointed him as a Governor of Kabul under the leadership of Munim Khan. So, though Mirza Hakim was the governor of Kabul at the age of 3, he had a reagent in the form of Munim Khan. However, Mah Chuchak was no Hameida Banu Begum but yet another Maham Anga who was not only politically ambitious but also power hungry.
Mah Chuchak saw an opportunity for herself when Munim Khan was called upon from Kabul back to Agra in the year 1561 after the demise of Bairam Khan. Although Munin Khan was replaced by his son Ghani Khan, Mah Chuchak some how removed Ghani Khan, forced him to go back to India and took the power of governing Kabul in her own hands. Mirza Hakim then was only 8 years old.
Mah Chuchak, The Mughal Lady Who Controlled Kabul
After Ghani Khan was persuaded to step down by Mah Chuchak, Kabul came directly in her control. She then appointed Fazil Beg to look upon the administration. However, Fazil Beg was assassinated and she then appointed Shah Wali Atka as a general manager. Atka being power hungry himself started diverting all the power to himself and so Mah Chuchak murdered him.
In the year 1963, when Mirza Hakim was 10 years old, Mah Chuchak’s exploitation and Ghani Khan’s expulsion reached Akbar’s ear, he ordered Munim Khan to go and establish peace in the Kabul province. He however, was defeated by Mah Chuchak at Jalalabad with the help of the Afghans.
The Sad End of Mah Chuchak by her own Son-In-Law Abdul Mali
Abdul Mali, a turbulent noble from the family of Great Sayyid of Tirmez (southern most part of Uzbekistan at the border of Afghanistan) fled from a prison of Lahore and entered Kabul to seek protection. He approached Mah Chuchak Begum for help. This Mughal Begum who had killed her own loyal generals and defeated Mughal Emperor’s loyalists was for a change generous to this fugitive. She had consulted with her confidential advisors who had advised that joining hands with Abdul Mali will make her position strong. Perhaps, that is why we see her giving him the hand of her daughter Fakhr-Un-Nisa.
However, Abdul Mali soon got tired of his mother-in-law’s interfering and dominating nature and so in order to get complete hold of Kabul he conspired against his own benefactor and murdered Mah Chuchak in the year 1564. Mirza Hakim was merely 11 years old when his mother was brutually killed by his brother-in-law.
Mah Chuchak & the Chronology Mismatch in Jodha Akbar
Now a young Mirza Hakim never saw his mother because she died when he was in between 10 and 11 years old. However, here in the TV serial, we will see a matured Hakim along with his mom who will come in Agra to execute all her evil plans.
This makes me wonder, why the TV serial introduced Abdul Mali right at the start, because if he would have aspired for Agra it would have been definitely after killing Mah Chuchak. No wonder, young matured Mirza Hakim (of course more than 11 years) was also shown residing with Akbar in Agra while her mother stayed in Kabul.
If one ignores the chronology mismatch, the serial and its “natkya rupantar” is perfect! Hmm well, it knows exactly how to attract audiences with its timely suspense and twists!
By Deepti Verma
Source and Reference:
Behind The Veil: An Analytical study of Political Domination of Mughal Women By Dr. Rukhsana Iftikhar
INDIA The Timurid Dynasty GENEALOGY
Image Source: HistoryToday, IndianExpress, Mirza Hakim, Abdul Mali
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