This article is mainly to confirm that Mariam Zamani was not the mother of Prince Murad.
Prince Murad was the son of Emperor Akbar.His mother was a concubine of Akbar[The Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri; vol I page 34].I had an argument with my friend about the mother of Prince Murad .She was taking evidence from the net and was arguing with me.I would like to narrate to you about the argument we had regarding this.It was a pleasant conversation.
The rumors and the discussion we had regarding it.
I started telling her that Murad was born in 9 months after Salim, so it is evident that Murad was not born to Salim’s mother(MUZ).My friend’s argument was, Prince Murad was a premature kid.
The explanation I gave regarding this:
There is no evidence in any historical chronicle till date that Murad was an early child. Murad was not a premature kid.Akbar did not meet Salim, and his mother immediately because it was a custom, that since the son was born after a long time, the father should see the kid after a long delay[ AkbarnamaVolume II page 502].Sources say Akbar saw Salim and MUZ in the third month.The meeting of Murad after his birth was also in the third month.
Murad was born in June, and Akbar went to Fatehpur to meet him in September on his way to Ajmere, it means in the third month.This is the long delay which Abul Fazl had mentioned in Akbarnama. Akbar was very particular in treating both his sons in the same way since Murad was born to concubine.The meeting of Salim in the 3rd month makes it clear Mariam Zamani was not the mother of Murad.
She said Murad’s education started at 8 years due to suceessive ailment and tried using it in her favor.
My explanation for this was:
Murad was definetly not a premature kid, but he could have had heridatory disease which was transferred from his mother to him.The same disease had also affected his son Rustam who passed away at the age of 9. Rustam was the first loving son of Murad.Abul fazl, in Akbarnama says Rustam used to get angry if he sees something improper and falls ill often[.Akbar tried his level best to save him. In fact he handed the care of Rustam to his great grandmother JijiAnga, who was an elderly person who took utmost care of him with great affection. Inspite of it Akbar could not save him. Rustam developed stomach pain and went into delirium and passed away at the tender age of 9.[Akbarnama Volume III page 1096]
Rustam was one year elder to his step brother Parvis, but both started education at the same time[AkbarnamaVolume III page 995].Rustam’s education was delayed by one year due to health problem.Akbar wanted to sent him to Gujarat, but because of his health problem, he was retained in the capital[Akbarnama Volume III page 1064].Both Murad and Rustam were intelligent kids.In those days identification of a hereditary disease itself was a problem.Even Murad had a weak constitution, for he passed away at 30 years.Akbars three sons were drunkers.
Salim survived because of his strong constitution[Akbarnama Volume III page 1125]. Daniyal was poisoned by the rust which was there in the spirit he drank, and and only Murad died due to his drinking habit as he had a weak constituion.Murad and Rustam both had weak constituion and suffered from successive ailment during their childhood.Murad was lucky enough to survive, while poor Rustam passed away.Both had the same heriditory disease which was acquired from Murad’s mother who was a commoner and a concubine.Being a medico she had a better understanding about what I was explaining.
The second evidence which she quoted to say MUZ was the mother of Murad is just interpreting lines from Akbarnama and Muntakhab ut Tawarikh to her needs:
I explained to her that interpreting lines of Historical books as you like is wrong.I told her, Anyhow you tell me about your interpretation.She started telling for which I was giving the proper historical explanations.
Celestial fathers and terrestrial mothers:
She claimed that the term Terrestrial and celestial is cominig in both Salims and Murad’s birth and said this as a evidence.
The explanation I gave her was this:
This word celestial and terrestrial means planets and elements whose power the astrologer utilises to write ones horoscope.The word celestial and terrestrial comes in Akbars[AkbarnamaVolume I page 34], Salims and Muradsbirth[Abarnama Volume II pages 502,514.].This does not mean the parents of the kid.He only means that he is using the power of the elements and planets to write the horoscope of Akbar, Salim and Murad.
The next evidence she said was this line,“Feast of the same magnitude were held for both the Salim and Murad”.The explanation for this I gave was that Naturally if you have 2 kids you will celebrate both the functions in the same way, moreover Akbar was very particular because he did not want Murad to have a inferior feeling that his mother was a concubine.
The final evidence she gave regarding interpretation of lines was this line,
“From the pure light, like prince Salim,[Muntakhab At Tawarikh English Vol. 2 page no 133]there descended.The standard of shah Murad bin Akbar the just”, she was telling that the pure light was the mother of Salim
I started telling her using this line as a evidence has no base in it.Anyhow I said her, that I will give a proper explanation for this line.Mughals have a lot of significance with light.The 22nd ancestor of Akbar was Alanquvai, who conceived through a light from heaven and not through human instrumentation and gave birth to the 21st ancestor[AkbarnamaVolume I page 179,180].The Mughals always says it is this light that had passed through so many wombs and finally had manifested as Akbar.Even during Salim’s birth Akbar is referred to as a light.So the pure light refers to Akbar and not the mother.Infact Abul Fazl had many times referred to this light as implanted in Akbar(Akbarnama Volume I page 287,396).
Secondly I said her that the base of the evidence itself is wrong. These lines were taken from the book Muntakhab ut tawarikh written by historian Badoni who was in the Mughal court and had written the book without Akbar’s knowledge. So he had a free hand to write what he wants without indirectly revealing it to the world.If he did not want to reveal the identity of Salim’s mother because she was a Hindu, then he will not use the word pure.
Lastly, She started debating about the authenticity of Jahangirnama.
I explained to her clearly that Tuzuki was the authentic version and David Price version is the unauthentic proved by Historian.It is not correct to create confusion to meet ones need.Anyhow no version of Jahangirnama says MUZ was the mother of other kids of Akbar except Jahangir.
Also one more think I said her was that in what she was trying to achieve is “ when two cats fight the monkey wins”.I said her, you are trying to debate on the authenticity of Jahangirnama and in the middle trying to say Mariam Zamani was the mother of all the kids which is not given in any historical chronicle till now.
I also gave her the names of the book from which I took the reference from.She personally sat with me and went through and she was convinced that Muard had been born through a concubine.
I also made one thing very clear to my friend that none of any version of Jahangirnama, Akbarnama or any historical books claims Maraim zamani was the mother of all kids of Akbar.She was only the mother of Jahangir.
PLEASE DO NOT IMAGINE, INTERPRET, MANIPULATE AND DISTORT HISTORY.IT IS INJUSTICE DONE TO THE FUTURE GENERATION AS WELL AS TO THE MUGHALS WHO ARE NO MORE.
Moreover I read in the net people writing comments that the mother’s identity is given in Akbarnama and otherhistorical books.I request the public to take the historical books, just to save time go through the index where the children’s names are given and go through at least those pages so that the truth is known.
Note: This article is written with a good aim that history should not be distorted just for the sake of a love story.
Disclaimer: This has been written with what was given in books.It is not pointing to any particular person, site or blog.
Published at indiaopines blog