Mughal Empire is one of the most important phase of the Indian History. After all, this Empire changed the destiny of India.
Here we share some of the lesser known and interesting facts of this Empire:
1. Mughals Ruled India for about 300 Years
Mughal Empire is the longest running empire as they ruled India for about 300 years. During this time, India got inspired by their custom, art, tradition as well as culture.
2. The Empire of Akbar was Larger than Samrat Ashoka
In 1526, Babur defeated Ibrahim Shah Lodhi in the First Battle of Panipat and laid the foundation of the Mughal Empire in India. This empire ended with Bahadur Shah 2 who was exiled to Rangoon by the British after the revolt of 1857.
During their peak, the Mughals controlled a large part of Indian subcontinent. From Bengal in the east to Balochistan in the west to Kashmir in the north and Kaveri basin towards the south.
3. The Origin
The people of Moghulistan were called as Mongals and this is how the term Mughal originated from Mongals. The Mughals were descendents of Chagatai Mongols, Genghis Khan and were also of Turkish origin. Babur, the founder of the Empire talked in Turkish. After he was exiled from his homeland Uzbekistan, he captured Kabul and then consolidating his rule in the subcontinent by defeating Ibrahim Lodhi.
4. The Relationship With Safavid Badshah
They had a very love-hate relationship with Iran’s Safavid Empire. When Babur’s son Humayun was defeated by the Afghan Sultan Sher Shah Suri, Humayun fled to Iran, converted to Shia Islam and took up services under the Safavid Badshah. Then the Badshah agreed to help Humayun to get his kingdom back from the Afghan king.
5. The Art
Their art and painting style was a fusion of Persian and Indian style. Mughal Emperors like Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan gave a lot of importance to art and paintings. Some prominent works include – Darab Nama, Khsmsa of Nizami and Hamzanama.
6. The Urdu language developed extensively under the rule of the Mughals.
With the Mughals, Islam spread across India and with Islam, the Urdu language became an integral part of India. With Urdu, other languages like Persian snd Arabic too flourished. The spread of both, Urdu and Islam spread mainly during the Mughal Empire.
7. The Mughal Army
Unlike other armies and empires, the Mughals used camels and elephants as their cavalry. Horses too were used but in small quantities. Like the soldiers, these animals were armored too on almost all the parts of their bodies. Some of the camels even had huge guns mounted on them. The zamburak was a camel with a mounted “swivel gun” on
8. Shah Jahan Didn’t Cut Workers Hand
According to the Architect Ustad Ahmad Lahauri, Shah Jahan did NOT cut hands of the workers who were involved in making Taj Mahal. He played an important role in the architectural design of Taj Mahal and laid the foundation of the Red Fort in Delhi.