First let us understand the concept of Party Politics. We have elections. There are a determined number of seats that the citizens vote candidates for. After the citizenry has cast their votes, they are counted. The results are counted on two levels:
- The constituency level – which is candidate versus candidate
- The Party level – how many candidates have won from each party
At the end of it what really holds the key is the second level – how many seats has each Party got. The Party that gets the majority; and if that majority is a minimum of at least one more than half the total number of seats up for grabs; it is invited to form the government. This process is followed for all elections- whether Corporation, Assembly/State or National.
This is the process that we are familiar with and are used to. This is a process that has failed.
In India, clearly, Party Politics have caused untold damage to the country. Corruption, inflation, instability, goondaism, power games –these are just a few of the many evils that can be traced to the root of Party Politics. Obviously there has to be change. What is a possible change? Is it possible to end Party Politics? Yes, it is. The solution lies in committing to National Politics in lieu of the current Party Politics. To explain this concept, let’s take the case of the Delhi election (it is a classic of many dimensions – particularly in light of the resignation of Kejriwal’s AAP government after just seven weeks of forming the government).
There were 70 seats up for voting during the election of November 2013. After the ballot was cast, 70 individuals were chosen. So far so good.
The issue starts with the second level: The Party level – how many candidates have won from each party. Instead of rolling back to the party and one party being invited to form the government; the 70 elected candidates should be asked to get together and form a government – much like diverse people come together to form an organisation and sun it successfully. Together, the elected candidates should nominate a Chief Minister (or Prime Minister). The entire Cabinet should be formed only by those elected (irrespective of the party they belong to) – and they should have the responsibility of governing for 5 years without break.
- Candidates who enjoy voter’s confidence are the ones who represent them – whether or not their Party wins.
- Power will not remain concentrated within a Party which would discourage goondaism and corruption stemming from a feeling of invincibility coming from belonging to a powerful Party.
- Since there will be members from different Parties responsible for law, order, administration, development and governance it will ensure auto-checks (each person will automatically keep check of others from other Parties) without noisy and disruptive Opposition action.
- The auto-checks will also cut down corruption perpetrated by those in power – simply because everyone will be closely watched.
- Since each elected candidate would want to be re-elected (irrespective of their Party) and each one would be watched by other members of the organisation they would work harder and better.
- The company-type organisational structure would enable and encourage transparency, ownership and also regular appraisals.
- There would be stability for the full term of 5 years (if nothing else, every election is a huge expense for the State)
By changing the system from its present form to this new form, people would not be playing politics anymore – they would actually be doing good and doing a job they are expected to do when they get a vote. The solution truly lies in the end of Party Politics and a change to National Politics.
By Sujata Garimella