Back- up Power Generator (BPG) emission of carbon dioxide per unit of electricity generated is playing a significant role to meet its obligations (carbon clearance) under the Kyoto Protocol. We have to reduce the contribution of our power stations to emissions of nitrogen oxides and sulphur dioxide. We can reduce power consumption by lowering annual fuel consumption for transport, by managing energy use, by ‘green’ electricity and energy efficiency projects through planning sustainable development.
Balancing economic, social and environmental considerations is vital to power business worldwide. So, we need to bring the environment and sustainable development into our mainstream business agenda and improve the performance of our conventional coal-fired power stations by investing in clean-up technology such as flue gas desulphurisation (FGD). We can have gas-fired plants as England does.
To set pragmatic targets for emission reductions we must have a dual motivation – cutting costs and reducing environmental impact. Energy companies willing to transform their businesses by combined heat and power (CHP), energy efficiency and renewable energy need be brought in. Power sector has the following obligations under environmental commitments-
– assess the environmental implications of all its activities as an integral part of its decision making
– develop and maintain an effective environmental management system within power sector
– promote the development of more efficient and cleaner ways of carrying out its operations and activities
– promote the efficient use of energy and material resources (optimal management)
– respond promptly and effectively to environmental incidents
– develop ways of improving the environmental impact of existing and future activities
– manage land with sensitivity and promote conservation
– maintain close liaison with the appropriate regulators and environmental organisations
– promote research into the environmental effects of its energy activities
– promote environmental awareness of employees, suppliers and contractors within the community
– educate and train employees to conduct in an environmentally responsible manner (teach them young while in engineering colleges /IITs )
Additionally ,we should set targets and objectives to support sustainable power policy and review them regularly. and maintain internal procedures to support this policy and its effectiveness in the light of growing knowledge and understanding.
Our waste management strategy must be based on minimizing of waste by reusing, recovering and recycling continually.
By Prof (Dr.) V. Ramakumar