How real is the threat of infections such as Swine Flu, Ebola, Congo Fever in India? How scared need we be and what precautions should you take?

How Scared Do We Need To Be In India?avoid flu SWINE FLU, EBOLA, CONGO FEVER

  1. Every other day, there is a headline or two in our newspapers or epapers such as these: H1N1 Kill 11 in Hyderabad in 30 Days or something like Congo Fever New Scare. It doesn’t help that the world is still reeling under the Ebola scare. How worrying is this for public health in India and what precautions do we need to take against Swine Flu, Ebola, Congo Fever?
  2. Swine Flu or H1N1 to be more accurate, had assumed epidemic proportions in 2009, and sporadic cases are seen each year since then. The virus is more likely to target older people, pregnant women and those with compromised immune systems.
  3. how to avoid h1n1 SWINE FLU, EBOLA, CONGO FEVERIn most people, swine flu infections are mild and can be effectively treated. It is usually the complications that could arise from the virus, rather than the virus itself that could result in death. Prevention of Swine Flu is similar to preventing transmission of regular flu and contagiousness is highest in the first 5 days after infection.
  4. Ebola is thought to be one of the deadliest viruses known to man because it has a high risk of death: between 25% and 90% in those who are infected. It causes internal as well as external bleeding after symptoms such as fever, sore throat, muscle pain, headaches, vomiting, diarrhea and rash. It has killed nearly 8000 people in the last year or so. However most Ebola deaths have occurred in West Africa.
  5. ebola prevention SWINE FLU, EBOLA, CONGO FEVERIn India, individuals suspected to be infected have been quarantined from time to time, however in November of last year; the Union Health Minister assured the country that there is no Ebola threat in India.
  6. And what is Congo Fever, the new health scare? Congo Fever or Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF)is usually borne and spread by ticks and causes flu like symptoms to begin with. In about 75% of infections there is bleeding about 3 to 5 days after infection. Other symptoms include disorientation, mood swings, confusion, nosebleed, vomiting, rainbow urine and black stools. There is 30% chance of death with this disease.
  7. congo1 SWINE FLU, EBOLA, CONGO FEVERRecently a man with excessive bleeding died in Delhi’s AIIMS hospital and this raised Congo Fever apprehensions. In January 2011, 4 people in Gujarat died from Congo fever and in 2014 as well, 4 deaths in Amreli District in Gujarat were confirmed as having resulted from Congo Fever. The fact that this infection typically spreads because of farm animals that may be infested with ticks puts the general population at relatively low risk.
  8. Getting fully informed about symptoms, progression and correct treatment of these infections seems to be the best defence. In most cases, early diagnosis and treatment appear to be the best chances at preventing complications and ensuring recovery.

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