Mahatma Gandhi, Father of Anti-Violence in India that Inspires the World – Of all the drama and the struggle against colonialism in the 20th century, there is one very famous story and so influences similar struggles in various other places. The story of this great struggle is driven by a figure who is considered one of the most important people of the 20th century by Times magazine, 5x nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize winner, and his birthday today (October 2) is commemorated by the United Nations as the International Day of Non-Violence. The figure in question is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, or better known as Mahatma Gandhi, a Father of Indian Nations, the most important icon and symbol of the 20th century in the anti-violence movement throughout the world. The process of Gandhi’s struggle throughout his life even inspired other great figures to follow similar movements in various parts of the world, some of which were Nelson Mandela (Father of South African Nations), and Martin Luther King Jr. (American civil rights fighter).
Upon his return from Europe, Gandhi continued the internal struggle to eliminate discrimination in the lowest Hindu caste (dalit), which for thousands of years considered an unclean, homeless, and indigent group in Indian Hindu culture. On September 20, Gandhi resumed the “fast to death” oath as a form of insistence that Hindu officials could form an agreement to abolish the caste system. Gandhi’s stubborn attitude made the whole country and even the world shocked. Gandhi’s enormous influence made Hindu leaders start accepting dalit people whom they had previously considered unclean in their temples. Only because of the influence of Gandhi, the conservative culture of Hinduism for thousands of years in India underwent major reforms. Gandhi gave a new designation to the dalit, namely harijans means “Children of God”. Gandhi’s extraordinary work in influencing the Indian nation also affected the perspective of the liberation movement in other parts of the world. Through the principle of his life, Gandhi seemed to be giving a hard slap to the superiority of the United Kingdom government known as the most noble and civilized at that time that the humanitarian principle of nonviolent resistance was not something that could be underestimated.
However, Gandhi remained an ordinary human being who did not free from mistakes and controversies. In today’s modern world, there are some academics who consider that Gandhi’s actions to demand Indian freedom from Great Britain are less strategic because they are too fast, while India at that time was still very difficult to be controlled and independently economically and politically. The anti-violence principle that Gandhi believes often criticized as a naive act that throws away lives. Apart from that, it seems too difficult for us to judge which Gandhi’s policies are right, which are wrong. After all, Gandhi had served his role very well in an effort to liberate his people. From a shy young man, nervous when talking, he turned into a liberation activist who had succeeded in liberating his people by remaining firm in holding the principle of the road without violence until the end of his life. Such as the freedom of people to gamble and play online on website at this time, and the point is that they do not interfere with others.