Theories of Neorealism in Indian-Pakistani Conflic – The neorealism theory basically emphasizes how the international system of anarchy turns out to be peaceful with the concept of balance of power, where previously in the theory of state realism was an actor who was selfish and wanted to rule himself but apparently in the theory of neorealism can also cooperate. The Kashmir conflict involving bordering countries, India and Pakistan has not reached an agreement until now, eventually encouraging new problems such as the arms race. Both India and Pakistan feel that one of them is a threat that can attack at any time. This perception caused the two countries never have a positive outlook on each other. This makes the issue of the arms race between the two countries not finished.
Balance of Power refers to a condition of strong countries to achieve a balance or equilibrium. Balance of power is a concept of Neorealism thinking. According to Mearsheimer quoted in the book “Balance of Power in World History” by Stuart J. Kaufman, Richard Little, and William C. Wohlforth, great powers will try to maintain their hegemony in the world. The efforts of this country to maintain their hegemony can finish by balancing the strength of their countries with each other. They compete with each other so as not to miss, so that later balance or equilibrium will emerge, but unfortunately, the concept of balance of power resulted in an arms race or an arms race. If interpreted as arms race is a continuous competitive effort (militarily) carried out by two or more countries, India and Pakistan has the capability to make weapons stronger.
The arms race that took place between India and Pakistan not only caused negative impacts for both countries, such as the emergence of a sense of distrust with each other so that the conflicts between the two countries could not be resolved, but also affected the South Asian region. In the field of security, this arms race will have an impact on the creation of negative peace and the emergence of tensions in the countries of the South Asian region because at any time this arms race could lead to heated relations between India and Pakistan and lead to war between the two countries. The dispute in several Asian countries has also worsened the economic and business sectors which can be seen as declining income figures reported by site. In addition, a sense of distrust between India and Pakistan also made the Kashmir conflict not find a solution because there were no good intentions between the two countries.